Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Yakov Bogatin: Cats diseases - Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infectious disease mainly found with the dogs, widespread enough in our country. An infection source is environment, it is especially good this bacterium remains in the damp environment, in pools, reservoirs with stagnant water. Also dogs can catch it at contacts with rodents. Leptospirosis found with cats is also described, but clinically meets extremely seldom. Yakov Bogatin stresses that this illness proceeds hard, sometimes with a deadly outcome. But as practice shows, the pets sick with leptospirosis, seldom become a source of an infection for a human being. Much more often disease is transferred through contact to the same rodents, through water in the infected reservoirs etc.

Disease is shown by a standard set of symptoms, characteristic for any infection: an anorexia (refusal of a forage), slackness, lack of activity, body rise in temperature, sharp defeat of a gastroenteric path (vomiting, a diarrhoeia, sometimes with a blood impurity). Disease also can be accompanied by morbidity of muscles that is clinically shown by infringement of support ability, unsteadiness of gait etc.

Breeding in blood, the bacterium can affect kidneys and a liver. Therefore as Yakov Bogatin says it is very important to hand over at once, besides special analyses on infections, biochemistry of blood for the control of indicators of these bodies.

The diagnosis proves to be true by serological blood researches: definition of antibodies to various kinds of leptospir. In this sense it is very important vaccinal the anamnesis of a sick animal as at the vaccinated animal any quantity of these antibodies also will be observed. Also it is necessary to consider, that two enter into a standard vaccine only the most widespread kind of leptospir, and actually it is much more of them. That is, can be ill even correctly and in due time vaccinated animal.

Already before reception of positive result on Leptospirosis it is necessary to begin symptomatic treatment: antibiotics of a wide spectrum of action, vitamins, immunomodulators, drop infusions. After statement of the exact diagnosis the special antibiotic, effective against leptospir is added. If leptospirosis is confirmed for the first time 1 – 2 days of development of clinical signs it is possible to apply whey against leptospirosis.

According to Yakov Bogatin the most effective preventive maintenance from leptospirosis is restriction of bathing of dogs in suspicious reservoirs, destruction of rodents, and also vaccination. Against leptospirosis it is desirable to enter a vaccine more often, than once a year, for example, time in 8 – 9 months as already at this time immunity becomes less intense.

13 comments:

Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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